Aggression is not a natural state of mind for a dog, so it is a correctable behavior. This is another rewarding issue to work through because dogs are so much happier once they are free from this burden. The first thing we need to do to solve your dog’s aggression problem is figure out why your dog is reacting aggressively. There are several types of aggressive behaviors (see chart below) and most types are correctable, however the owners play a big role by following our guidelines and instructions. Some aggressive behavior, such as “predatory aggression” you cannot completely solve because it is directly related to instincts, but you can learn to successfully manage it by showing your dog when it is and isn’t appropriate to use their prey drive.
Types of Aggression in Dogs
The most common types of aggression we work through are Fear Aggression, Predatory Aggression, Dog Aggression, and Child Aggression (which is very similar to Fear aggression). A lot of times aggression is misdiagnosed or someone has put inappropriate label on it like, “my dog hates other dogs” or “my dog hates people with hats on”. Dogs do not have the ability to “hate,” or at least that is not why they react. Reasons a dog might react could be possessive tendencies, fearfulness, being territorial, or some dogs may even have a false sense of entitlement. They react simply because they can. This is usually a result of lack of leadership in the dog’s life, so he has assigned himself as the lead decision maker. Honestly, VERY few dogs are comfortable doing this, they would much rather be the follower.
|Fear||Reacts when backed into a corner, reacts when people do something unpredictable, does not like it when people move fast or loud, likes to sneak behind people to bite||Poor socialization, lack of socialization||Very common|
|Prey||Fixates on animals (usually small), becomes very still when fixating, may drool when fixating||Instincts, lack of mental stimulation||Common|
|Territorial||Possessive of areas where spends a lot of time||Instincts, long periods of time in one area, lack of mental stimulation||Common|
|Dog||Acts aggressively toward dogs that seem to pose zero threat||Poor socialization, lack of socialization||Very common|
|Children||Acts aggressively toward smaller individuals||Poor socialization, lack of socialization||Common|
|Human||Acts aggressively toward strangers||Poor socialization, lack of socialization||Common|
|Possessive||Reacts unpredictably toward certain people or dogs that approaches a specific owner||Improper sense of entitlement, lack of leadership, lack of mental stimulation||Common|
|Food or Toy||Dog becomes very still and stiff when someone or another dog approaches with certain objects||Instincts, history with food, lack of leadership||Less common|
|Maternal||Mother dog will become aggressive toward anyone or anything approaching her babies||Instincts||Very common|
|Pain||Dog may bite when faced with pain, dog may act aggressive as a result of bad thyroid or bladder infection||Medical issue||Very common|
|Punishment||Acts aggressively when expecting punishment||Improper punishment from human||Less common|
Dog Aggression is Common
Dog aggression is a very common problem in today’s society. A lot of dogs will even react toward another dog that has posed zero threat. This does not necessarily mean your dog is “dog aggressive.” In a lot cases the dog does not have social skills, which is a lot easier to work through than true dog aggression. Since aggression is NOT a natural state of mind for a dog, nor are dogs born aggressive, something has shaped this behavior. Nine times out of ten it is related to either lack of socialization or poor socialization, which results in a dog making a “generalization” or an “overall negative association” with something due to one or two bad experiences.
An example of this type of aggression would be a puppy that was attacked by an adult dog at an early age (say 12 weeks) and this just happened to be the 3rd dog it had met. After this one scary incident, the owners started “sheltering the puppy,” keeping it away from other dogs for fear that he would be attacked again. What happened was the puppy had only met three dogs in his life and one attacked him. The puppy grows up thinking: “there is a very good chance when I meet another dog I could be attacked.” A puppy in this situation has a very high probability of being dog aggressive when he is older, but this will not show until he is about a year and half old. Instead, the owner should have gone overboard finding as many friendly dogs as possible to introduce to their puppy to “outweigh” that one negative experience with the dog that attacked. If this puppy met 125 friendly dogs after that one bad experience chances are he would have forgotten about the one negative experience very quickly and not developed an “anxiety” around other dogs.
Many dog owners don’t realize that social skills are something most dogs need to continue practicing throughout their life. You should never stop socializing you dog in order to keep their skills fresh. We hear a lot of owners say their dog used to get along really well with other dogs but for some reason they hate other dogs now. This is usually a case of a dog whose social skills were not kept “current” or “fresh”. For some dogs, social skills have to be practiced regularly in order to be confident with other dogs. Also keep in mind that social skills are required to communicate with “strange” dogs, not dogs they know or see all the time. You must introduce your pet to new dogs all the time in order to practice social skills.
Because of lack of, or poor social skills, most aggression is fear based (even though it could look the exact opposite). Even if your dog is the “initiator,” chances are he is still reacting out of fear or feeling uncomfortable. A great deal of aggressive dogs goes on the offense before they have to be on defense. Because it works for them, they continue reacting this way to solve the problem of “feeling uncomfortable.” What we have to do is find a different way to solve your dog’s problem and make them more comfortable in the situation from the start. Aggression is NOT a natural state of mind for a dog. No dog wants to feel this way – they are looking for a way out – and we can help them.